Addiction is a chronic and complex disease that affects people both physically and psychologically, causing changes to both the brain and the body. Addiction often co-occurs with interpersonal problems, physical health issues, cognitive, mental health issues, trauma, spiritual confusion and economic problems, which is why it is important to also treat the emotions driving addiction.
What is Addiction?
Addiction is defined by the compulsive use of alcohol or drugs. Continuous use can lead to tolerance and dependence, leading to an individual's inability to stop using or drinking.
Substances such as alcohol, cocaine, benzodiazepines, heroin, and prescription drugs are known to cause euphoria and reduce anxiety, oftentimes creating an emotional and psychological dependence for the user.
Individuals addicted to substances may have trouble controlling their use or intake; they may experience feelings of depression, lethargy, anxiety, irritabilty, frustration, as well as other physical effects when they attempt to quit using. Withdrawal from drugs and alcohol should be medically supervised as the symptoms can range from mild to severe and last up to several weeks.
Tolerance and Dependence
Recreational use of drugs and alcohol can lead to tolerance, meaning an individual's body has adjusted to the intake and/or dose and will need to use more frequently to achieve the same effects. Tolerance may lead to dependence. Individuals may feel intense cravings or painful and uncomfortable side effects when not using.
Addiction causes more than just physical and mental damage. It can ruin relationships, end careers, and create financial problems. These circumstances can easily overwhelm the user and lead to cravings and the continuation of abuse.
The best course of action is to seek rehabilitation. A combination of medical detox, behavioral therapy, and counseling will help to manage an individual's addiction to substances. Elan Recovery + Wellness treats individuals within the context of their family, social life, spirituality, occupation and/or education, and their community.
Please contact us for more information about our programs today.
Am I an Addict?
Do you think you might be addicted to drugs or alcohol? The following will help you determine whether or not you are.
Addiction is a pervasive disease and causes over 100 deaths per day in the U.S. alone
Consider These Facts
- Addiction is a disease.
- Drug use is highest among young adults.
- 25-40% of all general hospital patients are admitted for a drug or alcohol related problem.
- 35 million people have grown up with an alcoholic relative.
- 45% of alcoholics are in professional or managerial positions.
- Almost 8 million Americans have dealt with a mental health and substance use disorder.
If you are concerned about your own substance use or that of a loved one, call today for a FREE ASSESSMENT.